PHP 中基于 Casbin 做 RBAC + RESTful 权限控制

PHP-Casbin 是一个强大的、高效的开源访问控制框架,它支持基于各种访问控制模型(RBAC ABAC ACL)的权限管理。

这里使用官方提供的数据库适配器扩展:DBAL Adapter.

安装

通过composer安装:

composer require casbin/casbin
composer require casbin/dbal-adapter

使用 RBAC Model

model.conf 如下:

[request_definition]
r = sub, obj, act

[policy_definition]
p = sub, obj, act

#  RBAC角色继承关系的定义
[role_definition]
g = _, _

[policy_effect]
e = some(where (p.eft == allow))

[matchers]
m = g(r.sub, p.sub) && keyMatch2(r.obj, p.obj) && regexMatch(r.act, p.act)

初始化一个Casbin enforcer

use Casbin\Enforcer;
use CasbinAdapter\DBAL\Adapter;

$adapter = Adapter::newAdapter([
    'driver' => 'pdo_mysql',
    'host' => '127.0.0.1',
    'dbname' => 'test',
    'user' => 'root',
    'password' => '',
    'port' => '3306',
]);

$enforcer = new Enforcer('path/to/model.conf', $adapter);

添加策略

给alice和bob分配角色:

// alice has the admin role
$enforcer->addRoleForUser('alice', 'admin'); 
// bob has the member role
$enforcer->addRoleForUser('bob', 'member');

给member角色分配权限,member 角色仅对foo资源有查看权限:

$enforcer->addPermissionForUser('member', '/foo', 'GET');
$enforcer->addPermissionForUser('member', '/foo/:id', 'GET');

admin角色对foo拥有增删改查权限:

// admin inherits all permissions of member
$enforcer->addRoleForUser('admin', 'member');

$enforcer->addPermissionForUser('admin', '/foo', 'POST');
$enforcer->addPermissionForUser('admin', '/foo/:id', 'PUT');
$enforcer->addPermissionForUser('admin', '/foo/:id', 'DELETE');

分配完角色和权限后,数据库中的策略规则大致如下:

g, alice, admin
g, bob, member

p, memeber, /foo, GET
p, memeber, /foo/:id, GET

g, admin, member

p, admin, /foo, POST
p, admin, /foo/:id, PUT
p, admin, /foo/:id, DELETE

验证权限

alice 具有admin角色,继承adminmember两个角色的全部权限.

$enforcer->enforce('alice', '/foo', 'GET'); // true
$enforcer->enforce('alice', '/foo', 'GET'); // true

$enforcer->enforce('alice', '/foo', 'POST'); // true
$enforcer->enforce('alice', '/foo/1', 'PUT'); // true
$enforcer->enforce('alice', '/foo/1', 'DELETE'); // true

bob 具有member角色, 只继承member的权限.

$enforcer->enforce('bob', '/foo', 'GET'); // true
$enforcer->enforce('bob', '/foo', 'GET'); // true

$enforcer->enforce('bob', '/foo', 'POST'); // false
$enforcer->enforce('bob', '/foo/1', 'PUT'); // false
$enforcer->enforce('bob', '/foo/1', 'DELETE'); // false

文章转发原始链接:https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000020310242.

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